Many residents in the residential aged care setting will have a documented diagnosis of angina, and will experience intermittent symptoms that will require prompt management to relieve distress and to prevent damage to the myocardium. The term “angina pectoris” is derived from the Latin term angere pectus which means ‘squeezing of the chest’. The primary cause of angina is coronary heart disease, an issue that effects over a million Australians, and despite extensive research remains the leading cause of death in this country. Coronary heart disease is caused by a build-up of fatty material in the coronary arteries which results in the formation of a plaque. This process is known as atherosclerosis and leads to a progressive narrowing of the arteries.